AT the nursery of each large maternity hospital, it seems, there is a veteran of regurgitation - a nurse who knows how to drive as much milk as possible inside and to expel as much air as possible outside. Here are some tips to help your baby spit up to make feeding easier for you and more enjoyable for your baby. It is necessary that at each feeding the baby should receive mostly milk, not air. In addition to relaxing tapping on the back for regurgitation, two more actions are required: to hold the child in an upright position and press on the child’s tummy (parents often forget about the latter). Having set the child on your knee, tilt it forward so that it rests on the protruding roller of your palm, vigorously tap the child on the back or rub it. Either put the child on your shoulder and vigorously tap him on the back or rub him on the back.
Do not consider that feeding you failed if the child did not burp. If you can’t succeed right away, try again after waiting a while. If after a minute or two the child does not burp, lay the child or carry him upright, doing his household chores. If the child is satisfied, there is no longer any need for regurgitation. If, however, the baby, after feeding, expresses discontent (writhes, grimaces and screams when you put it on, or refuses to finish the bottle), take these signs as an indication of the need for regurgitation. During light, small feeding, regurgitation is usually not required; large meals usually deserve patience and waiting for the baby to burp. As for night regurgitation, if the baby sucks only one or two minutes, no regurgitation is required, but usually during large feeding. If you are not in the mood for night vomiting, try putting your baby to sleep right after feeding. If he feels well and does not express discontent, spitting up is not required. If he writhes as if something hurts him, this discomfort is most likely caused by swallowed air. In order not to sit and wait until the child burps, passing through the entire ritual, continue
Two positions for regurgitation.
lie, but lay the child on your hip, as you lay on your shoulder. As the child grows up, the need for regurgitation decreases.
How to facilitate the process of regurgitation in an infant
During the feeding process, infants usually always swallow a little air with milk or infant formula (especially if the baby is hungry or has a good appetite).
In the stomach, food and air begin to exert pressure on its walls, and in the infant, belching or regurgitation occurs reflexively (in the latter case, a certain amount of milk or milk mixture comes out with the air).
The baby can also swallow a lot of air when breastfeeding, if the opening in the nipple is too large or if the bottle is excessively tilted.
If your doctor recommends helping your child burp air or burp after feeding, you can use simple rules.
You can achieve belching by patting the baby slightly on the back after feeding or during feeding, shifting it from one side to the other when changing breasts.
Another technique is a light massage of the baby’s back between the shoulder blades - while the child is upright on his mother’s knees.
In this case, cover the baby’s chest and knees with a diaper or towel, so that spitting up food does not lead to contamination of clothing.
It is possible to reduce the amount of air swallowed by a child during a meal if you follow the rules for applying it to your chest, and when feeding from a bottle, make sure that the mixture fills the nipple completely without leaving air chambers.
Severe forms of diphtheria, such as diphtheria croup, in the absence of adequate treatment can lead to the death of the child. In addition, the disease gives serious complications, including to the central and peripheral nervous system, kidneys, heart.
I am 13 years old, I searched the Internet for a problem, and it seems I have phimosis of 1 or 2 degrees, what should I do?
Air entering the body passes through the nose, nasopharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi. Then it enters the bronchioles and, finally, into the alveoli, in which gas exchange occurs. In asthma, narrowing of the small bronchi and bronchioles occurs due to inflammation. Initially, b.
Gases in a newborn baby: how to help, what to do, how to release
In both children and adults, gases can accumulate in the stomach or intestines (especially in the colon).
The two cases, however, are completely different.
Air accumulates in the stomach, the most ordinary air that a person swallows (doctors call this phenomenon aerophagia, eating air). Babies swallow air when they eat, when they cry, or when they suck a dummy or finger.
In the intestines, the gas is completely different, it already smells radically different from air. This mixture of gases contains nitrogen (oxygen from the swallowed air is absorbed through the intestines), as well as the gases that are produced in the intestine during the digestion of certain products, these gases give it a characteristic smell.
If a child swallows too much air, he can, of course, fart more often, but it is easier to release this excess gas through his mouth, that is, burp it. Excess gas in the intestines comes from digestion rather than from swallowed air. If the baby does not suck properly because it is poorly applied (or due to some other problem), it may happen that he gets too much lactose and little fat and a relative excess of lactose can cause an excess of gas (see page 185). In addition, improper attachment increases the likelihood that he will swallow air while sucking. But poor attachment is not the main reason for the appearance of gases, nor can gases be the main symptom of poor attachment.
Excess gas in the intestines can be expelled from there only if the child farts. Fortunately, this gas cannot go back and out through the mouth.
Air from the stomach is easier to expel (burp), being in a vertical rather than horizontal position. Since our ancestors were always in the arms of the mother, they were unlikely to have problems with this. But in the last century, bottles and cradles were widespread. If a child drinks from a bottle, he can swallow a lot of air, and in the cradle it will be difficult for him to burp this air. Therefore, it was considered important to hold the baby upright, giving him the opportunity to burp before putting him in the cradle.
It is unlikely, however, that these gases interfere with the infant himself, if special cases are highlighted. Many people believe that the main reason for crying of young children is gases, a lot of medications that have been recommended for many years to combat colic should help to expel these gases (the word carminative means just that). Or to prevent air bubbles from forming (I never understood this, but the way it is, some colic drops prevent pricing).
Not everyone is of the same opinion about why babies experience colic (in the future I will present my favorite version), but those who seriously advocate the theory of “gases” seem to be gone. Many years ago, when we still did not know about the side effects of x-rays and therefore did x-rays because of any nonsense, it occurred to someone to examine crying babies in this way (the gases are clearly visible in the x-ray, they look like a big black spot there) . It was proved that when the baby begins to cry, there is little gas in it, but when it has been crying for some time - a lot. The fact is that babies, while crying, swallow air, and since they cannot vomit and cry at the same time, this air accumulates until the baby stops crying. Mother usually explains it this way: “Poor thing, he cried so much because of these gases! And how I took him in his arms and patted him on the back - then he finally burped, and he felt good. ” In fact, the correct interpretation of events could most likely be something like this: “Poor thing, how he cried, how he cried - you miss your mother! And when I took him in my arms and caressed a little, I calmed down and was able to burp all the air that I swallowed while I was sobbing. ”
It seems to me that this explains the importance of the idea of “helping to burp” for the past century. When the mother tried to put the baby in the cradle immediately after eating, he sobbed desperately. If, on the contrary, she held him in her arms, rocked and caressed for a while before putting in the cradle, the baby was more likely to calm down and fall asleep. During the time that he spent in his mother’s arms, the child, of course, managed to burp. And since no one was ready to admit that in the mother’s arms the child has the most place (how is this? There are only problems with this hand sticking! Children grow spoiled! Mom has nothing to stay in her arms, otherwise the roar will grow!), Everyone preferred to count that it’s all about burping the air, it does wonders, and the presence of the mother, of course, has nothing to do with it.
Many modern mothers believe that regurgitation is extremely important, that this is almost the basis of the health and well-being of their baby. Whatever it takes, the baby must burp the air. But infants, if they suck correctly, almost do not swallow air (lips tightly close over the chest, so that there is nowhere to leak air, and in the chest itself, unlike a bottle, there is no air). Babies often do not spit up after eating. But if they have a problem with applying, then yes, they can swallow air with a sound similar to the sound of a kiss, because there is a gap between the lips and the chest.
One mother once told me that it was very difficult for her baby to burp the air, that he had to hold him upright for an hour, patting him on the back, and he was crying, and it was so bad for him, poor thing. Poor baby! The fact of the matter is that he has nothing to burp, he cries because he is being patted and slowed down, and in the end he burps the air that he swallowed while he was crying.
Do not make a burp cult. After the child is full, it is worth holding it in your arms, as long as possible. Children like it. If during this time the child burps the air - fine. If not, perhaps he has nothing to burp. No need to pat him on the back, drink chamomile, anise or water, do not give him any means of gas (the word "no" means: neither natural, nor artificial, nor pharmacy, nor herbal, nor purchased, nor homemade).
Why does the baby spit up?
During feeding, the baby swallows the air, which accumulates in the stomach and causes discomfort. In addition, many foods in the diet of a nursing mother can cause increased gas formation in the newborn. In order to save the baby from unpleasant sensations, you need to periodically help him burp out the excess air.
How often should the baby spit up?
The American Association of Pediatricians believes that babies should spit up at every breast change. If you sometimes feed your baby from a bottle, choose an ergonomic one with a slow flow and a narrow hole in the nipple: it will help the baby to swallow less air.
As a rule, by 4-6 months the digestive system matures and the baby stops spitting up.
How to help a newborn to burp?
- Put a diaper or a small towel on your shoulder,
- Carefully take the baby vertically (“column”) and press it to the chest so that the baby’s chin rests on your shoulder,
- Holding the baby firmly with one hand, gently pat with the other and pat him on the back,
- If the baby does not burp, but continues to worry, carefully shift it to the other shoulder and repeat the procedure. A change of position often helps get rid of excess air.
Remember that regurgitation is an absolutely normal process that will completely pass in a few months.